Socio-legal representation of freedom of conscience

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Vitalii Novikov
Vlastimil Vicen
Yurii Semchuk


Freedom of conscience is the crucial goal we need to achieve for a sustainable future. The article examines the problems of freedom of conscience in various spheres of public relations. We have considered multiple aspects of this phenomenon: legal, economic, ethical, philosophical, epistemological, social. We paid special attention to the legal aspect of freedom of conscience. Due to this, we analyzed the existing legal guarantees of believers, non-believers and atheists, to determine the prospects for their further development. We have drawn attention to the fact that reducing the problems of freedom of conscience only to the legal aspect leads to the substitution of the worldview principles of a democratic society and to ideologizing. We have analyzed the different views of scholars on freedom of conscience as ethical, moral and personal categories. Based on a comprehensive socio-legal analysis of freedom of conscience, we concluded that the most important aspects of freedom of conscience are social, philosophical and legal. Finally, we argue that freedom of conscience is the basis for sustainable development in meaning of the 10th and 16th SDGs.


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How to Cite
Novikov, V. ., Vicen, V. ., & Semchuk, Y. . (2021). Socio-legal representation of freedom of conscience. Law, Business and Sustainability Herald, 1(3), 10–16.
Author Biographies

Vitalii Novikov, Lviv university of business and law

Vitalii Novikov, Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Dean of the Juridical Faculty, Lviv university of business and law, Kulparkivska st., 99, 79021 Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail:, ORCID:

Vlastimil Vicen, College of Economics and Management in Public Administration

Vlastimil Vicen, Dr.h.c., JUDr., Ing., PhD., Vice-Rector for Security and Defense, College of Economics and Management in Public Administration, Furdekova st., 3240/16, 851 04 Bratislava, Slovakia, e-mail:, ORCID:

Yurii Semchuk, Lviv University of Business and Law

Yurii Semchuk, PhD, Assosiated Professor of the Department of Judiciary, Prosecution and Advocacy, Lviv University of Business and Law, 99 Kulparkіvska Str., Lviv, 79021, Ukraine, ORCID:


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