Main Article Content
Ukraine is in an acute phase of military conflict with Russia, which causes changes in the economic, social, and political life of our country, as well as in the legal sphere of our country, in the light of those changes that are currently taking place in international law doubts. The study aims to study the causal links between military conflict, occupation, human rights, and freedoms in the context of Russia's armed aggression against Ukraine and analyze the experience of military conflicts in foreign countries. The author also examines the question of how military conflicts taking place in the world at the present stage cause changes in international law. In particular, the author considered the need to reform the international principle of prohibition of the use of force or threat of force in the context of increasing states' powers in self-defence. Furthermore, the study focused on the international responsibility of the entire world community if a country is subjected to armed aggression by another state. The author stressed the importance of compliance with international law on the laws and customs of war in times of military conflict and human and civil rights and freedoms, especially during the occupation affected by armed aggression or part of its territory. The study used general scientific and special legal methods. The investigation resulted in the provision that the current international legal acts in the field of international humanitarian law need to be reformed following the political, social and economic changes that are taking place at the present stage. The need for such reform is due to the requirements of the civilized world to strengthen the protection of human rights and freedoms during the internal military conflict and interstate military conflict associated with the occupation.
| Abstract views: 102 | PDF Downloads: 68 |
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Bleibleh, S., & Awad, J. (2020). Preserving cultural heritage: Shifting paradigms in the face of war, occupation, and identity. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 44, 196–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2020.02.013
Bøg, M., Filges, T., & Jørgensen, A. M. (2018). Deployment of personnel to military operations: Impact on mental health and social functioning. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 14(1), 1–127. https://doi.org/10.4073/csr.2018.6
Bøg, M., Lindstrøm, M., Filges, T., Lyk‐Jensen, S. V., & Jørgensen, A. M. K. (2014). Protocol: Deployment of personnel to military operations: Impact on mental health and social functioning. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 10(1), 1–63. https://doi.org/10.1002/cl2.124
Clements, K. P. (2022). Peace by peaceful means: Responding to aggression creatively and nonviolently. Peace & Change. https://doi.org/10.1111/pech.12544
Coleman, A. (2014). Resolving claims to self-determination. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203074855
Coppieters, B. (2018). Four positions on the recognition of states in and after the Soviet Union, with special reference to Abkhazia. Europe-Asia Studies, 70(6), 991–1014. https://doi.org/10.1080/09668136.2018.1487682
Corbacho, A. (2018). 74 days under the Argentine flag: The experiences of occupation during the Falklands/malvinas war. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3357032
Coundouriotis, E. (2021). War, human rights, and historical representation. A Companion to African Literatures, 411–423. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119058199.ch26
Dananjaya, I., & Dhananjaya, N. (2022). The Legality of Russia’s Special Military Operation Against Ukraine from International Law Perspective. Kertha Patrika, 44(1), 44-61. doi:10.24843/KP.2022.v44.i01.p.03
Evangelista, M., & Tannenwald, N. (2017). Do the Geneva Conventions Matter? Oxford Scholarship Online. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780199379774.001.0001
Gearty, C. (2020). British torture, then and now: The role of the judges. The Modern Law Review, 84(1), 118–154. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2230.12578
Geis, A., Fehl, C., Daase, C., & Kolliarakis, G. (2015). Gradual processes, ambiguous consequences: Rethinking recognition in international relations. Recognition in International Relations, 3–26. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137464729_1
Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War art. 4A(2), Aug. 12, 1949, 75 UNTS 135 [hereinafter Third Geneva Convention]. The same wording is in the First Geneva Convention, Article 13, and the Second Geneva Convention, Article 13.
Gray, C. D. (2018). International law and the use of Force. Oxford University Press.
Harzl, B. (2016). 3.3 Georgische und ABCHASISCHE Perzeptionen. Der Georgisch-Abchasische Konflikt, 175–206. https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845263106-175
Hraníková K. (2016). Military Occupation and Human Rights Protection. The Scientific Journal of Bielsko-Biala School of Finance and Law, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.19192/wsfip.sj1.2018.4
Kaufman, J. P. (2016). Women and children, war and peace: Political agency in time of Conflict. International Affairs, 92(6), 1499–1504. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12756
Kent, A. K. (2019). Geneva Convention relative to the protection of civilian persons in time of war and additional protocol. The Encyclopedia of Women and Crime, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118929803.ewac0232
Milanovic, M. (2015). Arguing the Kosovo case. The Law and Politics of the Kosovo Advisory Opinion, 21–59. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717515.003.0003
Miller, C. W. (2015). Conflict escalation. The International Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Communication, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118540190.wbeic202
Oberg, C. N., Hodges, H. R., & Masten, A. S. (2022). Conflict, war, and famine in childhood. The Wiley‐Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, 189–205. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119679028.ch10
Oberschall, A. (2015). Conflict and Conciliation Dynamics. Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics. Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-47681-0_9
Paddeu, F. (2021). Shared non-responsibility in international law? Defences and the responsibility of co-perpetrators and accessories in the guiding principles: Afterword. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3770705
Sopilnyk, R., & Piwowarski, J. (2021). Access to a genuinely independent and impartial trial: A review of the sixteenth sustainability goal completeness. Law, Business and Sustainability Herald, 1(1), 43–53. https://doi.org/10.46489/lbsh.2021-1-1-5
Wolfsfeld, G., & Yarchi, M. (2016). Conflict/war. The International Encyclopedia of Political Communication, 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118541555.wbiepc174