Ukraine, Russia, and International Law: Occupation, Armed Conflict and Human Rights

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Oleksandra Kalmykova


Ukraine is in an acute phase of military conflict with Russia, which causes changes in the economic, social, and political life of our country, as well as in the legal sphere of our country, in the light of those changes that are currently taking place in international law doubts. The study aims to study the causal links between military conflict, occupation, human rights, and freedoms in the context of Russia's armed aggression against Ukraine and analyze the experience of military conflicts in foreign countries. The author also examines the question of how military conflicts taking place in the world at the present stage cause changes in international law. In particular, the author considered the need to reform the international principle of prohibition of the use of force or threat of force in the context of increasing states' powers in self-defence. Furthermore, the study focused on the international responsibility of the entire world community if a country is subjected to armed aggression by another state. The author stressed the importance of compliance with international law on the laws and customs of war in times of military conflict and human and civil rights and freedoms, especially during the occupation affected by armed aggression or part of its territory. The study used general scientific and special legal methods. The investigation resulted in the provision that the current international legal acts in the field of international humanitarian law need to be reformed following the political, social and economic changes that are taking place at the present stage. The need for such reform is due to the requirements of the civilized world to strengthen the protection of human rights and freedoms during the internal military conflict and interstate military conflict associated with the occupation.


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Kalmykova, O. (2022). Ukraine, Russia, and International Law: Occupation, Armed Conflict and Human Rights. Law, Business and Sustainability Herald, 2(2), 4–10. Retrieved from
Author Biography

Oleksandra Kalmykova, İstanbul Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi

Oleksandra Kalmykova, PhD, Assistant professor, Istanbul University, Faculty of Law, Department of International law, İstanbul Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi 34116 Beyazıt/Fatih-İSTANBUL, +90 2124400105, ORCID:


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